PARIS — In the hopes that direct communication could help cool the escalating tensions surrounding Ukraine, President Emmanuel Macron of France held a phone call with President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia on Friday morning, as Russia’s foreign minister suggested that there may be room to negotiate with the United States.
The foreign minister, Sergey V. Lavrov, said that the United States’ response to its security demands contained “” for a possible compromise on issues like missile deployments and military exercises.
However, Russia has put a much broader set of issues on the table — essentially calling for a reshaping of the post-Cold War security arrangements in Europe and a retreat of NATO forces from Eastern Europe. That is a nonstarter for the United States and its Western allies.
So, the situation remained one of both contradiction and confrontation.
Military forces continued to surround Ukraine en masse. The Pentagon said that in the past 24 hours, more Russian forces were being moved into the region. Meanwhile, the United States and its European allies continued to send arms to Ukraine as NATO stepped up its defensive positions in Eastern Europe.
At the center of the maelstrom, in Ukraine, the government urged the public to remain calm, played down the immediacy of the threat and expressed concern about the heightened messaging from both the West and Russia.
As Ukrainian soldiers dug into trenches along the snow-covered eastern front, children were out sledding in Kyiv, the capital. Most people went about their daily lives.
Neither Paris nor Berlin see the threat of a Russian invasion of Ukraine with the same urgency as Washington or the countries closer to Ukraine, including Poland and the Baltic States.
France has insisted in recent days on the need to “de-escalate” the crisis to avoid stumbling into a “self-fulfilling” conflict, fueled by misperceptions and exaggerated speech. But it has alsoin the standoff with Russia, offering, for instance, to send troops to Romania.
Mr. Macron has long advocated a more conciliatory approach to Russia than the United States or some of his European allies, and he has repeatedly stressed the need to keep dialogue with Moscow firm but open.
He has also insisted that France and the European Union needed tofrom the United States on the international stage, and he is eager to spearhead European efforts to fix the continent’s own problems.
Mr. Putin has not commented publicly on the crisis since before Christmas, leaving the West to largely speculate about his intentions as Russia forces amass in a menacing fashion all around Ukraine.
Mr. Biden and Mr. Putin have not spoken one-on-one since a tense “” in early December. The Biden administration called a meeting of the United Nations Security Council on Monday, which could make for a face-to-face debate on Ukraine between the United States and Russia.
Mr. Macron’s attempts to reset relations with Russiaand his enthusiasm for a rapprochement with Mr. Putin has waned in recent years — especially after Aleksei A. Navalny, Mr. Putin’s most prominent opponent, was in an .