Menopause: From causes to signs, all you might want to know

Menopause is a pure course of that begins on the common age of fifty years. “Menopause marks the top of the menstrual cycle. It occurs when the ovaries cease producing eggs and releasing hormones. Menopause is alleged to have occurred when there was no menstruation for one 12 months. It is usually referred to as the change,” stated Dr Vaishali Joshi, senior obstetrician and gynaecologist, Kokilaben Ambani Hospital, Mumbai.

There are three phases of menopause

Peri-menopause – Perimenopause means “round menopause”. It’s the menopausal transition, or the time main as much as your final interval. It could begin 5-10 years earlier than menopause

Menopause- When a girl has gone 12 months in a row with no interval, it’s identified as menopause.

Publish-menopause – That is the period that begins one 12 months after the final menstrual interval


Pure growing older – This is because of a decline in ovarian perform and ovarian hormones

Pressured menopause – This may occur when ovaries are eliminated surgically or get broken after chemo or radiotherapy remedies.

Untimely menopause – It could outcome from the failure of ovaries to supply regular ranges of hormones (major ovarian insufficiency), which might be attributable to faulty genes or autoimmune ailments. It could occur in a single per cent of girls.


Scorching flushes, night time sweats, vaginal dryness, low temper and/nervousness/irritability, joint and muscle ache, lack of curiosity in having intercourse, interval irregularities, and weight achieve

“Each lady experiences these signs in various severity, beginning often 4-5 years earlier than menopause and have other ways to deal with them. There isn’t a dependable approach of predicting how lengthy menopausal signs will proceed. For a lot of girls they resolve inside three years,” defined Dr Joshi.

menopause, When a girl has gone 12 months in a row with no interval, it’s identified as menopause. (Supply: Getty Pictures/Thinkstock)


If a girl has signs of menopause and is over 45 years of age, then remedy choices are provided primarily based on signs.

In untimely menopause, one could have to test for top ranges of FSH or Follicle-stimulating hormone, as it’s useful to distinguish between menopause and different causes of extended skipping of durations. One of the best time to measure FSH is on day 2 or 3 of menstruation if the lady remains to be biking.


One can nonetheless get pregnant until one reaches post-menopause. So it’s essential to proceed utilizing contraception like condoms throughout intercourse to keep away from unplanned pregnancies and follow protected intercourse.


Each lady who undergoes menopause doesn’t want remedy. When the peri or menopausal signs have an effect on the standard of life due to sleeplessness or osteoporosis, irritability, temper modifications, or have an effect on intercourse life attributable to lack of libido, girls ought to search medical assist. It’s essential for the lady and her household to grasp these pure processes and acknowledge them. Having this perception into their downside may also help them come to phrases with the signs and reassure them that these are short-term points they usually can deal with them higher.

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